A child, like every other citizen, is entitled to rights which are universal, indivisible and inalienable. The
Universal Declaration of Human Rights provides that
“Every child shall enjoy special protection and shall be given opportunities and facilities by law and by
other means, to enable him develop physically, mentally, morally, spiritually and socially in a healthy
and normal manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity”
Still, it is common knowledge that children, generally, are vulnerable and their rights are often violated.
In Africa, the conception of children and their rights is guided by a cultural value system that places
children at the bottom of the social ladder. This often leads to denials and even violations of their rights
in various ways. In extreme cases, children are seen as lesser mortals with no rights, feelings or say.
The challenge of poverty in Africa only makes the situation worse. Rights like that of education, human
dignity and healthcare are most affected by poverty. Poor and disadvantaged families can hardly ensure
that children have unimpeded access to these rights, hence the need for assistance from agencies and